Project Impact crater in Southern Germany


The Ries Crater Museum in pictouresque Nördlingen is regarded as a special geological museum, the contents of which deal with a natural catastrophe which took place about 15 million years ago. The 'Meteorite Crater Nördlinger Ries', which was formed by the impact of an asteroid, is the result of this catastrophe. Along with it, the nearby 'Steinheimer Basin' was formed. These two geological features represent the only two confirmed impact structures in Germany.

Look  Homepage  Rieskrater-Museum .



For our story important is the colorful debris-mass - in the archaeological map red drawn. It  has been covered  in the inner crater-area by younger layers. To the south and to the east this colorful breccias goes outside the  crater-edge , interrupted by  the blue of the Jurassic basement.
As we now know - in the framework of the project -  this colorful debris-mass - the result of  chalk - Jurassic - Keuper - and granite-rock - is a  material-source for the appliances of the early people. 
Why? Because the singular geological conditions of the colorful breccias have led to a dense Silex-carpet. This delivered the raw material for the artifacts of  early people of Palaeolithic before hundred thousand  of years up to the final Neolithic in the Bronze Age.





In the last years, the fields have been examined in the area. With it, I am amid the colorful debris-mass, named so because the rocks of the chalk, the Jurassic, the Keuper and the bedrock - together with the Silex of the worn  ground - are differently colored. We find the silex in a high density as superficial quarries. Till now there are more than 200 finding-scoring points - sometimes only few artifacts often however also hundreds of reductions of cores, embedded in masses of natural silex-debris.





This object of curiosity on the find location 13b turns out as a  paleolithic point, that is patinated deep-red-brown.  In the front the sun  is shining in the background the high fog-wall over the Danube-valley. This is  typical in the winter with high pressure-weather. 




In the working-center, the finds are washed and archived. On the table the collection of the place 64c. Typical is the silex from different earth-throbs. the  parts of the table:  left up cores, left down the unsorted rests. From above downward: coarse artifacts, scratchers,  scrapers, cisles, drills and other tools mostly with bulbs from simple plattforms. Dating has not yet taken place. What we can say: older than Neolithic and Mesolithic.




On the right side  find 28b. On 10x10 meters investigation area  a broken point; - top middle:  coarser artifacts with the exception of a porcelain-white small reduction flake and a small brown-reddish scraper with flat retouche.   




The typical landscape with gaze  northward.  A  brook in the foreground, a finding-empty field - in this area a rarity - and a hill with dry-lawn or sheep pasture, on which is located white porcelain-shiny silex, - find place 7. The brook lies on 450 meters  and always carries waters. There are many contributaries,   their springs about 520 meters high. Flowing brooks are a rarity on the heights of the Swabian or Franconian Jurassic heights. In the colorful Brekzie the water does not trickles away like  the rainwater in the lime of dry-valleys of the Jurassic basic. May be that the supplly of water was also one reason - as the superficial quarries - to attrack old man.





By bicycle is the easiest way to visit the distant fields.



When does the next meteorite visit the earth and where?    In Clavins play ground?   Or again in the Ries crater? Or in New York    





PalaeoPlan - A Non-Profit-Organization by Dr.G.Elvers - Copyright 2006